What is the Definition of High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
Hypertension is the force of pressure against arteries and veins, which is higher than normal. The normal blood pressure is 120/80 or lower, and anything above this would be either slightly or very dangerous, depending on the number. Arteries and veins move depending on the beat (strength of the beat). There are 2 numbers……Systolic and the Diastolic. The systolic # is the force when the heart beats, and the diastolic # is force when the heart is at rest. Approximately 33% of US citizens have Hypertension.
Hypertension is a major cause of heart disease and death. It is a genetic disease, and it is found in many families with heart disease. The exact gene has yet to be found. As the blood pressure raises, the chance of a heart attack continues to raise.
Prehypertension is a blood pressure above 120/80. Full hypertension is 135/80 or above. The risk for heart attacks, kidney disease, eye disease, and just about every organ in the body continues to rise. Stage 1 Hypertension is blood pressure from 135/80 to 160/90. Stage 2 Hypertension is 160/90 or above.